In each country, there is a perfect correlation between light food sales figures (light) and the percentage of overweight and morbidly obese citizens. This observation, without preconceived ideas, can lead to two very different conclusions.
Some will find it logical that the sale of light products grows when obesity increases. The rest will conclude that light has no effect on the incidence of obesity. The main idea of the trader is to see the light as a buoyant market in a country where obesity is common. While the clinician’s finding is to see the failure of lightened products on reducing the incidence of obesity.
These two conclusions are accurate and each observer can welcome his logic. Yes, the light is a buoyant market. No, the light is useless.
But in the imbroglio of the relations between the sanitary trade and the biomedical sciences, it would be surprising if such instinctive conclusions could be validated by science.
The truth is indeed more complex: the light makes you fat.
Merchants can rejoice at such a conclusion favoring a circular market that thrives just because of its existence (like those of sugars, video games, psychotropic, or deodorants that self-harm by the dependence they create. clinicians must be alarmed by this counter-intuitive discovery since their prescription becomes harmful to patients.
After showing that the treatment of obesity can not go through either nutraceuticals or drugs, science has sought to understand the paradox of the light that makes you fat. She already has several answers.
Synthetic sweeteners are not only ineffective, but they are also harmful in promoting glucose intolerance by a mechanism probably related to changes in the microbiota.
In children, light sweet drinks are even more toxic than sweetened beverages because they affect their eating behavior even more negatively and durably. In adults, light sodas promote insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. In pregnant women, they increase, in addition, the risk of preterm birth for reasons still unclear.
Finally, physiology illuminates this paradox. A synthetic sweetener emits in the mouth a sweet signal that informs the body of an upcoming arrival of sugar, so it mobilizes insulin and limits the release of sugar reserves; and since sugar intake does not occur, it results in authentic hypoglycemia that stimulates the appetite. What was not the goal!
I take this opportunity to exculpate the majority of obese who are not responsible for their obesity because this pathology is forged before the age of 6 years and even in intrauterine life. Let’s forgive parents who had not been told that God had put Homo sapiens upright so that he would never stop walking.