More and more people have sensitive skin. This may be due to internal factors such as genetic predisposition (usually in clear skin) or significant psychological stress. But the causes can also be external with the skin becoming more sensitive over time. A harsh and aggressive environment: sun, contact with limestone (tap water) or the use of irritating cosmetics and not adapted to its skin type contribute to its sensitivity. What is sensitive skin and how to take care of it?
How does sensitive skin work?
Sensitive skin has a deficient skin barrier and is much more porous than normal. Imagine sensitive skin as a sieve that would allow molecules usually stopped by an integral skin barrier to penetrate deep. Since we are exposed to potentially irritating or even allergic molecules every day, this creates as many opportunities for sensitive skin to react.
In addition to these chemical aggressions, fragile skin is affected by other factors such as cold, pollution, limestone water, excessive scrubbing, peeling, etc.
These various attacks on sensitive skin result in a reaction that is usually immediate: heating, tingling, redness, and itching occur, sometimes even causing blisters and burns.
If the reaction is related to high exposure to a molecule and does not reproduce in subsequent exposure at a lower dose, it is a simple irritation reaction. If, on the other hand, the reaction occurs again when the skin is in contact, even at very low doses, with the substance that caused the first irritation, the skin is considered sensitized and can then be called allergy.
Is sensitive skin always synonymous with dry skin?
If the origin of your sensitive skin is internal (hereditary factor), then you are more likely to have dry skin (to be sure, think about making your skin diagnosis here). Genetically, sensitive and dry skin also rhymes with light phototype skin.
If the origin of your sensitive skin comes from your environment or from the overly irritating cosmetics you have used, you may very well have a mixed or oily skin type, which has been stripped due to the frequent use of inappropriate cosmetics.
And having sensitive skin means you’re allergic?
Sensitive skin is easily irritable skin. Irritation depends on the frequency and amount of exposure of sensitive skin. The more frequent contact with paint strippers, irritants such as sulfates widely used in shower gels, shampoos, and other cleansing gels, the more it will react with redness, itching, and dry skin.
On the other hand, it is said that skin is allergic, when at simple contact, regardless of the concentration of the product or molecule, the skin reacts extremely strongly (redness, swelling, pimples, significant itching). In this case, you should consult your allergist to find the molecules involved.
Europe requires the display of the 26 most common allergens. You will find them systematically at the end of the INCI list when they are present in your cosmetics.
You now know the difference between dry skin, sensitive skin and allergic skin. Discover now the 10 commandments to take care of fragile skin. : )
1) Cleansing with vegetable oil
Do you have sensitive skin? Don’t try to complicate your life! What could be simpler and softer for the skin than making up with vegetable oils? Yes! Vegetable oil is more than enough. Choose organic, and cold first pressure. Apricot oil (Prunus armeniaca), sweet almond oil (Prunus dulcis), Avocado oil (Persea Gratissima), Courage Pepper oil (Cucurbita pepo Seed Oil) or evening primrose oil are ideal for sensitive and irritated skin.
If you choose a commercial make-up removal oil (like ours, maybe one day…: ) ), ensure that it does not contain mineral, esterified or hydrogenated oils that have no essential fatty acid for dry skin. Caution should also be taken to avoid ethoxylated surfactants such as sorbet-30 tetraoleate (PEG family).
2) Use washable wipes instead of disposable cotton
Cotton cultivation is one of the most water-intensive. In addition to being environmentally friendly, washable make-up remover wipes are more economical and healthy for your skin because they do not contain pesticide residues or chlorine (used to bleach cotton). Unlike disposable cotton that strips the skin like a grater, washable cloth wipes are reusable and all soft for all skin types!
3) Saying “no” to irritants and paint strippers
Sensitive skin, whether the body, face or hair, must be treated and cleaned with soft products. In other words, you must flee all products containing sulfate agents, and avoid: Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (this surfactant also serves as a foaming agent and proves to be irritating, in addition to altering the hydrolipidic film). Also avoid methylisothiazolinone and phenoxyethanol, two cosmetic preservatives suspected of interfering with hormone production and severely irritating the skin. Remember to check that your hair coloring does not contain PPD or resorcinol. Also, watch out for fancy jewelry made with very allergic nickel.
4) Avoid ‘excessive’ hygiene
Excessive hygiene irritates the skin even more. The more you clean, rub, peel your skin and it becomes more fragile. A morning and evening cleaning is perfect.
5) Clean his face with a soap saponifié cold
If you use some soap to clean yourselves, it is better to bet on a soap saponifié cold for more delicate cleaning. The advantage of the soap saponifié cold (FRENCH PUBLIC COMPANY) is that he undergoes no stoking. It allows him to keep all the benefactions of plant oil and plant butter which make up him. Besides, this manufacturing process guarantees the presence of glycerin, a powerful moisturizing agent (“emollient”) nature.
If you do not usually use soap, to indicate that the pH of knowledge saponifiés cold is slightly alkaline and can not be perfectly tolerated by the most sensitive skins. The fact also to have to rinse the soap in the water which is often calcareous can also contribute to the discomfort of one
7) Rinse face with floral water
To remove any traces of limestone after cleaning your face, rinse with a Roman Camomile Floral Water. It is also perfect for calming irritations and strains. Then dry your face by gently stamping with a towel.
8) Know that “dermatologically tested” is not an absolute guarantee
Used extensively in cosmetic marketing, “Dermatologically tested” or “hypoallergenic” does not mean that there is no chance that you will react when using the product.
They simply indicate that the risk is simply minimized because the tolerance of the product was assessed before it was put on the market. These mentions require testing for use of the product on paid human volunteers and fortunately more use of animal testing.
9) Apply plant butter in case of intense drying
As we have said, what distinguishes sensitive skin from normal skin is its almost non-existent skin barrier. The role of vegetable oils and butter is therefore to soothe these small sensations of tingling and tension, but also to reconstitute this protective barrier for the skin. Prefer them both organic, and check that your shea butter is unrefined so that it has kept all its properties. Remember that refined shea butter loses 50 to 80% of its natural benefits! Refined shea butter is much whiter than unrefined natural shea, which has a pale yellow color.
10) Choosing a moisturizer for sensitive skin
Sensitive skin care should be rich in vegetable oils. On the other hand, creams based on retinol or fruit acids should not be used, as they are extremely irritating. Your ideal moisturizer for sensitive skin should contain:
anti-inflammatory ingredients: such as the vegetable oil of pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita pepo Seed Oil) which is rich in essential fatty acids and has recognized anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties. It will help reduce redness and reduce irritation. Other plants are also known for their anti-inflammatory properties such as Immortal Blue (Limonium Narbonense), Calendula (Calendula officinalis), Poppy (Papaver rhoeas), Marshmallow (Althaea Officinalis), Brunelle (Prunella vulgaris).
nourishing ingredients: such as cocoa butter (Theobroma Cacao Seed Butter) and unrefined natural shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii Butter) perfect for very dry areas. They nourish and protect the epidermis against external aggressions.
repairing active ingredients: such as Avocat vegetable oil (Persea Gratissima Oil) or Macadamia oil (Macadamia ternifolia Seed Oil) is rich in essential fatty acids. Avocado oil has a regenerating effect. It contributes to the synthesis of collagen and elastin of the skin in addition to nourishing and protecting dry and sensitive skin.