Delicate freckles, a well-placed mole have a certain charm. But some pigment spots can be badly lived, especially those nicknamed … “cemetery flowers”. Associated with aging, they move us away from the complexion that we would like perfect. To the point of being ready to try anything to erase them. Warning ! Before you jump on the first whitening cream, take the time to understand: why and when do they appear? How to prevent them? What to do (and not do!) Once they are there?
A great diversity but a common enemy
The pigment spots are not reserved for mature skin, no skin escapes these areas of hyper-pigmentation localized. Especially very light skin or, on the contrary, dull.
Their causes? Some are genetic: freckles (or ephelides) very light skin, birthmarks. Not to mention the moles or nevi. Others are related to hormonal changes: the famous pregnancy mask, temporary, or chloasma or melasma. The healing of a pimple, injury, eczema can also cause post-inflammatory melanin accumulations on rather dull skin. These dark spots fade over time without disappearing.
All these spots are accentuated by solar UV. Others appear squarely under the effect of the sun. Irreversible stains can be caused by the use of so-called photosensitizing products, during the sun exposure: contraception and hormonal treatment, medicines, perfumes, cosmetics …
Finally, the famous so-called “old age” spots: the lentigos. Definitive, they appear well before the 3rd age! And even sometimes before the thirties, on the skins clear or strongly exposed to the sun. Located in the most exposed areas – face, hands, décolletés, bras – they are accentuated and become inevitable with age. The explanation? Melanin producing cells, melanocytes, fewer, less effective and less well distributed. And therefore irregular pigmentation. Because of the aging of our cells, yes. But also (and above all) under the effect of too many repeated and intensive exposures to the sun: over-solicited, our system of natural protection against UV aging prematurely.
Delay or prevent their appearance, it is possible!
Depending on the nature of your spots, it is very difficult if not impossible to make them disappear. But some, non-genetic, are preventable or can at least be delayed.
The number 1 advice, logically, is to do very very (very!) Attention to the sun: reasonable exposure and rigorous protection, adapted to your skin. Pregnant, redouble your vigilance. In the obligation to follow a photosensitizing treatment? Ban any direct UV exposure and enhance your protection, even in the shade.
To prevent inflammatory spots, carefully protect your deep scars and less than six months: the skin is more fragile and exposed. Also beware of scratches, bites that seem innocuous, especially acne pimples. Prohibition of scratching, fiddling, piercing at the risk of sustaining inflammation and delay healing.
Prevention also involves good care and cosmetic gestures. Caution with some essential oils (Citrus, Celery, Angelica, Verbena …) or the St. John’s Wort Macerate, photosensitizing. But cleaning too aggressive, too frequent scrubs, poorly adapted care can also appear or accentuate spots.
The opportunity to remind you of a key element to health – beauty of your skin: softness. The base, to delay the appearance of unwanted spots: a gentle and deep cleansing + a daily hydration. Healthy, more sturdy, your skin will be better able to defend. The top? A care rich in essential fatty acids formulated with anti-oxidant vegetable oils and butters that delay the aging of skin cells, with a slight anti-UV effect: Argan oil, sesame oil, Grape Seed oil … According to The specific needs of YOUR skin, our Glow Up or Whole Again both have antioxidant properties.
And beware: the process of hyperpigmentation is in progress well before the spots are visible to the naked eye. Applying an anti-aging treatment like our Age Out in your thirties can be a very good idea, especially if you have fair skin.
Finally, adopt a healthy lifestyle: stop smoking that accelerates the aging of the skin by producing free radicals, vitamin A rich diet, E, D (citrus, kiwi, grapes, green vegetables, carrots, cereals, dairy products , fatty fish, soya …). In short, team up with your skin!
The spots are there? Watch out for bad solutions
The market for products and anti-pigment spot care has exploded. But beware, many have unwanted side effects or even dangerous.
Do not be tempted by the lightening creams sold on the net … and banned in France. Their principle? Lighten stains, exfoliating and depigmenting. Obviously, the most effective are the most dangerous: based on hydroquinone (risk of skin cancer and male fertility) or mercury salts, highly toxic to the body.
Conventional products authorized, they are generally formulated based on synthetic ascorbic acid, inexpensive and easy to keep. Produced from genetically transformed bacteria, it often contains traces of heavy metals, is inefficient because poorly assimilated by the body. Another ingredient used in these creams: EDTA, a preservative that has the property of curbing the production of melanin. And which is especially very irritating, toxic and polluting. Mistrust !
For very pronounced and troublesome spots, always consult a dermatologist who can offer you, under medical supervision, cortisone-based treatments, a laser intervention or cryotherapy. Attention, these solutions are not without potential side effects: burns, aggravation of hyper-pigmentation, uneven depigmentation, weakened skin, development of pilosity, pimples … To fight against your classic spots, is it worth running these risks? Instead, turn to nature’s treasures for skin-friendly care.
Natural assets at the forefront of anti-stain action
Many natural ingredients of plant origin have indeed lightening and regulating properties of melanin. Used in synergy, they are very effective and safe for our skin and our health.
To effectively mitigate the pigment disorders, it is essential to act simultaneously on several fronts. Regulate the production of melanin with active ingredients that inhibit tyrosinase, the enzyme that produces it. Special mention for liquorice or vegetable oil of Pracachy – very moisturizing and healing – and natural ascorbic acid of vitamins C. Aqueous extracts of citrus fruits (lemon), red fruits (cassis, raspberry, blackberry), vegetable oil Cresson are doubly interesting because they are also anti-oxidants and lighteners.
To fade stains, it is also necessary to unify the complexion. Vegetable oil Sea buckthorn or Helichrysum essential oil reduce marks, repair mature or damaged epidermis. Poets Narcissus extract clears, unifies and strengthens the shine.
In order to prevent post-inflammatory blemishes, Lavender essential oil, Rosehip oil, Pomegranate and Andiroba facilitate healing. Calendula, Linen, Macadamia restructure and alleviate existing scars.
Finally, to fight against the oxidation of cells, large responsible for disorders of pigmentation, and to help cell renewal, it is necessary assets rich in antioxidant vitamin E (vegetable oils of Argan or Borage, Green Coffee or Green Tea, Baobab … ) and vitamin A (essential oils of Patchouli or Geranium Rosat). Some oils are more protective against UV: Coconut, Macadamia, Roucou … The aqueous extract of Olive leaves, rich in flavonoids is a very powerful antioxidant, coupled with a powerful antibacterial action: it prevents skin imperfections .
Look for these powerful active ingredients in a specially formulated anti-stain care. Ideally a serum.