Drug allergies are risky responses to medicines or drugs that people get. These allergic responses can trigger reasonably mild troubles, for example, non-threatening rashes, or to more severe responses, like anaphylaxis and tissue harm.
Symptoms can differ from mild uneasiness to life-threatening conditions. The most ordinary trigger of drug allergies is penicillin. Other antibiotics like penicillin also trigger a large number of drug allergies.
Common Drug Symptoms
Drug allergies may lead to different types of symptoms following the drug and its prescription, patient conditions, and the part of the immune system causing the response. While Indicators of a grave drug allergy frequently happen in an hour next taking a drug, other signs, particularly, can appear hours, days or weeks afterwards.
Drug allergy symptoms may include:
- Skin rash
- Sense of warmth
- Shortness of breath
- Runny nose
- Itchy, watery eyes
- Chest tightness
- Abdominal pain/cramping
- Loss of consciousness due to low blood pressure
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
Common Drugs That Cause Allergies
Any medicine can cause an allergic response. But, some are more likely to trigger the following kinds of troubles compared to others:
- Antibiotics like amoxicillin, ampicillin, penicillin, tetracycline, and others
- No steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen
- Sulfa drugs
- Chemotherapy drugs
- Monoclonal antibody therapy like cetuximab, rituximab, and others
- Human immunodeficiency virus drugs like abacavir, nevirapine, and others
- Antiseizure drugs such as carbamazepine, lamotrigine, phenytoin, and others
- Muscle relaxers given by IV — atracurium, succinylcholine, or vecuronium
Common Drug Risk Factors
The following are a few factors that may raise your risk of drug allergy:
- A history of other allergies, such as food allergy or hay fever
- An individual or family history of drug allergy
- Extra drug doses intake and recurring or extended use
- Some diseases usually linked with allergic drug responses like infection with HIV or the Epstein-Barr virus
Management and Treatment
- If you suffer from a drug allergy:
- Ensure all of your doctors are tuned in to your allergy and the symptoms you have.
- Learn about connected drugs that you must keep away from.
- Learn about substitutes for the drug that trigger your allergic response.
- be dressed in an emergency medical alert bracelet or necklace that recognizes your allergy.